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Составь общий портрет обычного ученика вашего класса





The average student in our class don't drink alcohol and don't smoke. He al­ways has his breakfast, in the morning before school , but doesn't always have his lunch in time. he likes to eat sweets and eat them much. He likes to watch TV, that's why he goes to sleep too late. He doesn't always have time for sports.

II.Привычки здоровья в британии

2.Эта информация об англичанах взята из газет и журналов.

1) Каково ваше отношение к следующим фактам? Они кажутся вам
удивительными?

People care about their health. They are trying to loose weight. Some of them join different clubs. The most popular ways to loose weight are: to cut out snacks and desserts, to eat less of everything and to exercise more. Eating habits has changed now. People eat less fat and sugar and more fibre. They prefer healthy food. Many people go in for sports. Less people smoke now. All these facts af­fect our health positively.

2) Как англичане поддерживают себя в форме?

The British try to keep fit by the following ways: they try to avoid gaining weight or they lose weight. They go in for sports. They eat more fibre-rich food and less fat and sugar. They gave up smoking and drink less alcohol. Some of them follow a diet.


3. Привычки русских отличаются от привычек англичан или они похожи?

1) Выберисхему и разработай вопросник для сбора информации о
твоих одноклассниках и их родителях.

Eating habits

1. How many times a day do you have your meal?

2. What do you usually have for breakfast?

3. Do you have your breakfast together with your parents? What do they prefer for breakfast?

4. Do you and your parents often eat fruits and vegetables?

5. Do you often skip your lunch?

6. Do you like sweets and cakes?

7. What do you usually have for supper?

2) Сделайте подобную схему. Расскажите классу, что вывыяснили?

I found out that many people has changed their eating habits. First of all they try to have their meal regularly. They eat more fruit and vegetables. Many of them keep to a diet. The Russians believe that being too fat leads to different diseases, that's why many people try to lose weight by healthy diet and doing exercises.



4. Члены твоей семьи меняют свои привычки? Как?

Yes, my family try to keep fit and to look modern. That's why we care about our health. We have changed our eating habits. Now we eat more fruit and vege­tables, more fish than meat. We try not to eat much sugar and sweets. Members of my family don't smoke. My mother is fond of aerobics and I visit a swimming pool two times a week. We often go to the country to spend time in fresh air.

III.Проблемы здоровья

2.Ваши привычки влияют на вашу внешность. 1)Почему эти подростки выглядит бледными и усталыми?

They may smoke too much. They might exercise too little. They might not get enough vitamins They may sleep to little. They may skip breakfast They might constantly snack. They might diet too much. They might have anaemia.


3) У вас есть такие же проблемы? На базе ваших обзоров привычек здоровья ваших однокласников, напишите статью о вашем классе.

Many of my classmates always look pale and feel tired even in the morning. I think they have health problems because they don't care about their health. First of all they smoke a lot. They don't get enough vitamins and minerals because they don't eat fruit and vegetables. They don't have enough iron and have anae­mia. they often skip their meal and constantly snack. besides, they sleep too little, because they watch TV till late in the evening.

3.Некоторые подростки слишком озабочены своим весом и
соблюдают диету контроля калорий. Что такое диета контроля
калорий?

1) Замените подчеркнутые слова антонимами для получения правильного ответа.

Many people in GB now think a more about their health. They eat a lot low fat food and more fibre. Fat is thought to be the cause of disease. Besides, people believe that they should exercise more not to be fat. Some people have started counting the calories they eat every day. (A calorie is the energy value of food.) So that they can try to take in less calories and lose weight. This is called a calorie-controlled diet. Special food with less calories for slimmers is produced now in GB.

4.Некоторые вредные привычки действительно смертель-
ны.

1) Составьте список аргументов против вредных привычек. Обра-щайтесь к таблице.

Smoking:

Makes teeth yellow Makes skin unhealthy Makes hair smell Makes clothes smell Causes a cough Causes a headache Causes pneumonia Causes cancer Drinking alcohol: Makes speech unclear Makes brain centres sleep Causes heart disease Causes brain disease Causes slow reaction Causes loss of memory Taking drugs: Causes blood disease Causes brain disease


Causes slow reaction Causes loss of memory

2) Какие аргументы против плохих привычек кажутся вам наиболее
убедительными? Разместите их по степени важности. Какие аргументы
вы используете, чтобы убедить ваших друзей или родителей не курить
или не пить алкоголь?



causes:

cancer

brain disease

blood disease

heart disease

loss of memory

slow reaction

pneumonia

a headache

a cough

makes:

speech unclear

brain centres sleep

skin unhealthy

All the arguments can be used to convince my friends or parents not to smoke or drink alcohol : Smoking and drinking causes many diseases, such as cancer, blood diseases, heart disease, brain disease, pneumonia, a headache, a cough. It affects badly the whole family and the people around you. It affects your knowledge, because smoking and alcohol makes brain centres sleep, causes loss of memory and slow reaction. bad habits influence your appearance : it makes your skin unhealthy, teeth yellow and your clothes and hair smell.

3)Во многих странах люди убеждены, сто вредные привычки это проблема
не только одного человека.

а) Как вы думаете, должны ли быть приняты какие-то меры против них? Почему?

Of course some measures should be taken against bad habits, because they influence the people around the person with bad habits. Sometimes bad habits influence the whole family very seriously. And of course they influence people's health very badly.

Some measures have been already taken against bad habits. So advertising of cigarettes and alcohol are forbidden in TV and radio. Smoking is banned in buses and underground and in planes. I think some more measures should be taken against bad habits. The person should be put in prison for drunk-driving accident, and for taking drugs, for example, or to be sacked from school for drinking alcohol. It's possible to take money for smoking in public places.








Date: 2015-05-04; view: 646; Нарушение авторских прав



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