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Как сделать объемную звезду своими руками
Как сделать то, что делать не хочется?
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Как сделать неотразимый комплимент
Как сделать так чтобы женщины сами знакомились с вами
Как сделать идею коммерческой
Как сделать хорошую растяжку ног?
Как сделать наш разум здоровым?
Как сделать, чтобы люди обманывали меньше
Вопрос 4. Как сделать так, чтобы вас уважали и ценили?
Как сделать лучше себе и другим людям
Как сделать свидание интересным?
Salaries and Other Rewards
White-collar workers – and a few manual workers – receive salaries,
which are based on an annual, not an hourly, rate of pay. Payment is made
monthly by cheque or electronically into an employee’s bank account.
In some of the public sector, there is still an incremental pay scale
with a minimum and a maximum rate of pay for each kind of job. This
means that an employee gets an automatic pay rise each year until the
maximum salary is reached.
These pay scales are negotiated nationally by trade unions and em-
ployers. Public sector employees may also receive an annual cost-of-liv-
ing increase. Independent pay review bodies recommend what the in-
crease should be for some employees, such as teachers and health work-
ers. The government, however, makes the final decision.
Some salaries in the private sector are also decided by national agree-
ment between unions and management. There are national incremental
pay scales for various grades of jobs, with extra cost-of-living allowances
for employees in particularly expensive areas, such as London.
However, incremental pay scales have drawbacks. Employers are for-
ced to give a pay rise each year whether an employee deserves it or not.
Employees may lose motivation when they reach the top of their pay
As a result, most employees in the private sector now have some form
of performance-related pay. Increases in pay are given only for better
work. Performance is often rated against a list of achievements which
have been agreed between an employee and his or her line manager, or
Many salaried employees do not receive overtime payments, but their
pay may be increased in other ways:
· Commission is paid to sales people for the goods they sell.
· Annual bonuses are paid in many service industries.
· Profit-sharing or profit-related pay is becoming increasingly common.
In small firms, pay is often negotiated by the individual. The salary is
decided at the interview. Employees may be given pay rises for good work
or long service; if not, they have to ask for them.
The majority of employees receive some fringe benefits in addition
to their wages or salaries. These goods or services have one great advan-
tage for employees: either they are not taxed at all or they are taxed at
a reduced rate, according to the estimated money value of the benefit.
If the employees were given a pay rise instead, they would have to pay
Most manual workers receive some fringe benefits. Many big firms
provide pension and sick-pay schemes, and some also provide private
health insurance. In addition, employees may receive free uniforms, dis-
counts on shopping, free travel to work, subsidized meals, free sports
facilities and day trips abroad. Fringe benefits for managers include
company cars, private healthcare, cheap loans and mortgages, relocation,
or moving expenses, holidays abroad, company flats, big expense ac-
counts, golden handshakes and hellos (sums of money given on leaving
or joining a company), share option schemes, payment of school fees.
The higher you rise in a firm, the more fringe benefits you are likely to
1. What is a fringe benefit? State two which a manual worker might
receive and three that a manager might get.
2. What is the main advantage of a fringe benefit for an employee?
3. What is an incremental pay scale? Give three examples of employees
who would be paid in that way.
4. Explain how salaries are determined in the private sector.
5. What are the main advantages and disadvantages of each method
for a firm?
6. What extra payments do some salaried employees receive?
Read the text and see if the waiter’s ideas are the same as yours. Be ready to answer
the questions given below.
Date: 2015-12-13; view: 177; Нарушение авторских прав