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Exercise 3. Comment on the sentence functions of these adjectives





1. No stars were visible on that night. 2. The times the bridal suite went westward empty was because she'd changed her mind at the last minute. (Edgar Wallace) 3. In the lagoon the water was deep and they could anchor comfortably. (William S. Maugham) 4. The sounds were mournful and feeble. 5. "Card crooks are the easiest people to look after, and most stewards I know would sooner have a four-berth cabin-load of unlawfulness than the grandest ambassador that ever travelled in a bridal suite. (Edgar Wallace) 6. The cook, a Chinese in white trousers, very dirty and ragged, and a thin white tunic, came to say that supper was ready, and when the skipper went into the cabin he found the engineer already seated at table. (William S. Maugham).

Exercise 4. Mark substanvitised adjectives and comment on either they are wholly or partly substantivised. Divide them into two groups 1) group of people; 2) abstract notions:

1) He basked in the company of the young (Snow). 2) A mother eagle teachers her young to fly by pushing him out of the nest. 3) She warned the domestics not to touch the child, as Mrs. Osborne might be offended (Thackeray). 4) The papers are full of stories about the royals. 5) Islam forbids the killing of the innocents. 6) Among the suspects there were James Calhoun and Edelberto Montoya, still possibles, but not yet probables (Hailey). 7) They were like poor savages confronted with a beautiful white girl (Murdoch). 8) It was this belief in a power larger than myself and other than myself, which allows me to venture into the unknown and even the unknowable (Angelou). 9) We must take the bitter along with the sweet (Reade). 10) Loving colors, I bought for myself beautiful reds and oranges, and greens and pinks, and teals and turquoise (Angelou). 11) It was a surprise to the optimistic: but it was even more of a surprise to the experienced (Snow). 12) The weak have often unexpected powers of resistance, the strong sometimes succumb. 13) There were about five percent undecideds at the polls. 14) Let’s start by looking at the typical day of the stressed out.



 

VERB

Verb is the most complex part of speech. It performs the central role in realizing predication - connection between situation in the utterance and reality. That is why the verb is of primary informative significance in an utterance. the verb possesses quite a lot of grammatical categories: person, aspect, tense, voice, mood etc.

The verb possesses the grammatical meaning of verbiality - the ability to denote a process developing in time. This meaning is inherent not only in the verbs denoting processes, but also in those denoting states, forms of existence, evaluations, etc.

The verb possesses the following grammatical categories: tense, aspect, voice, mood, person, number, finitude and phase. The common categories for finite and non-finite forms are voice, aspect, phase and finitude. The grammatical categories of the English verb find their expression in synthetical and analytical forms. The formative elements expressing these categories are grammatical affixes, inner inflexion and function words. Some categories have only synthetical forms (person, number), others - only analytical (voice). There are also categories expressed by both synthetical and analytical forms (mood, tense, aspect).

The most universal syntactic feature of verbs is their ability to be modified by adverbs. The second important syntactic criterion is the ability of the verb to perform the syntactic function of the predicate. However, this criterion is not absolute because only finite forms can perform this function while non-finite forms can be used in any function but predicate. And finally, any verb in the form of the infinitive can be combined with a modal verb.erb is the most complex part of speech. First of all it performs the central role in realizing predication - connection between situation in the utterance and reality. That is why the verb is of primary informative significance in an utterance. Besides, the verb possesses quite a lot of grammatical categories. Furthermore, within the class of verb various subclass divisions based on different principles of classification can befound.








Date: 2015-11-15; view: 1211; Нарушение авторских прав



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