Как сделать разговор полезным и приятным
Как сделать объемную звезду своими руками
Как сделать то, что делать не хочется?
Как сделать погремушку
Как сделать так чтобы женщины сами знакомились с вами
Как сделать идею коммерческой
Как сделать хорошую растяжку ног?
Как сделать наш разум здоровым?
Как сделать, чтобы люди обманывали меньше
Вопрос 4. Как сделать так, чтобы вас уважали и ценили?
Как сделать лучше себе и другим людям
Как сделать свидание интересным?
Ecological problems. Nature Protection
For many centuries man has been trying to solve Nature’s mysteries, to discover its laws, to make it serve his necessities. In doing so people change the world. New discoveries and inventions, new technologies make a dramatic impact on the planet which is our habitat. Great achievements of the human race have facilitated the life of people, but many of them have been harmful to our environment. Nowadays the humanity is trying to reconsider the results of its own progress.
Scientists, politicians, ecologists and the majority of common people are beginning to understand that the damage to ecosystems can lead to real disasters when nothing could save the planet and life on it. If we want to survive we should do our best to solve ecological problems as quickly as possible
The main problem is pollution in all its forms ( water pollution, air pollution) Every year the world’s industry pollutes the atmosphere with millions of tons of dust and other harmful substances. In some places the air is so dirty that it’s not safe to breathe. Seas, rivers and lakes are poisoned with garbage and chemicals which are dumped right into them. The other urgent problems are the depletion of the ozone layer, acid rains and global warming. They all lead to unfavorable changes in the world’s climate. If we don’t take measures to protect the planet the hole in the ozone layer will widen. This will inevitably lead to high incidents of skin cancer and other diseases. Icebergs will melt causing intensive flooding of huge areas of land.
Another serious ecological problem is the disappearance of forests. Some of them die from acid rains, others are cut down. Rain forests disappear at an alarming rate. If man continues to cut down rain forest millions of species of plants and animals will become extinct. Animals’ natural habitats are also being destroyed as a result of urban expansion. Many animals are endangered because hunters kill them in order to sell their fur or skin.
The most urgent problem in our country is the radioactive pollution after the catastrophe on the Chernobyl nuclear power station, which took place on April 26, 1986. That catastrophe can be considered the largest disaster of the 20th century. As a result of that accident 18% of territories of our republic were contaminated by radioactive elements. The agriculture of our country suffered great losses. The contamination caused a rapid raise of many incurable illnesses such as thyroid cancer, leukemia and others.
The accident on the Chernobyl nuclear power station led to a raise of such incurable diseases as thyroid cancer, leukemia and others. More and more often people are told not to stay in direct sunlight, because ultraviolet radiation from the sun can cause skin cancer. Normally the ozone layer in the atmosphere protects us from such radiation, but if there are holes in the ozone layer ultraviolet radiation can get to the earth. Many scientists think these holes are the result of air pollution.
3. Imagine you are interviewing an animal protection activist. What questions would you ask him/ her?
1. What practical actions do you take to protect animals? 2. Why do you think these animals need protection? 3. Do many people share your ideas?4. How can I join your organization?
4. Give advice on how to become more environment friendly?
If you want to become more friendly to the environment you should plant greenery, protect trees in parks and yards, collect rubbish. You should also save energy by turning off lights and electric appliances when you don’t need them. You should save water. Besides you can avoid spraying cans and aerosols which destroy the ozone layer, avoid using chemicals in your house or garden. You should use public transportation, cycle or go on foot and avoid using cars. Actually there are four solutions to environmental problems: RDUCE, REUSE, RESYCLE, RESPECT.
5. Are you for or against animal experimentation?
I personally think that it is cruel to experiment on animals. Animals are part of our environment, they are our lesser brothers and we should protect them and take care of them.
6. What would you like to ask your British friend about measures that are taken to protect the environment in Britain?
1. What ecological problems are urgent in your country? 2. Are there any organizations whose aim is to protect the environment? 3. What actions to protect nature does the government of your country take? 4. Do your plants and factories use modern technology? 5. Are green zones around big cities created? 6. Does your country use alternative sources of energy? 7. is much attention paid to ecological education at your schools?
7. A friend of yours wants to develop a program to protect the city where he lives. Give him a piece of advice.
First of all your work should include ecological education, that is you should go to schools, universities and have talks and meetings on ecological problems. Then you should take some practical actions. For example you can plant greenery, help birds and other animals in winter, collect rubbish in parks and squares, you should avoid using chemicals in your house or garden. You should also work in contact with industrial enterprises of your city and demand establishing effective filters and using new technology.
8. Are you weather dependent?
Luckily I’m not weather dependent, but there are people whose health may depend on weather. Sometimes people’s mood can depend on weather.
9. What questions would you like to ask a meteorologist?
1.What instruments do you use to predict weather? 2. Does weather observation help you to predict weather?3. Is it safe to trust weather observations? 4. Are your forecasts always correct? 5. What information helps you to design a weather map? 6. How was weather observed in ancient times? 7. Do you use computers in your work? 8. How will weather be predicted in future?
10. What can you advice a person who wants to become a meteorologist?
If you want to become a meteorologist you should always remember that your job is very responsible. Very often people’s health and sometimes even their lives depend on the accurate weather forecast.
11. They say there’s no bad weather, there are bad clothes. What do you think about it?
This means that weather is given to us by nature. And we can’t change it. It can even be dangerous for our planet if we try to change weather. And people should understand that any kind of weather is necessary for nature. For example rain is important for plants to grow, winter cold is necessary for them to sleep. And people should be thankful to any kind of weather. The only thing people can do is to choose the right clothes not to catch a cold in winter or to get wet under the rain. That is to choose the right clothes.
The British are well-known for always chatting about their weather. This is because the weather in Britain is so changeable- you never know what it will be like. There are many general expressions in English which show the importance of weather in people’s lives. For example, feeling ‘under the weather’ means feeling slightly ill. If you ‘ make heavy weather of a job’ it means you make it seem more difficult than it really is, and if you “ keep a weather eye on sth” you give it full attention
“Treat the Earth well: it was not given to you by your parents but was loaned to you by your children.” This is what an old African proverb says. There is great wisdom in it. We have to protect our planet as far as possible since this is the place where our descendants are going to live.
Nature is everything that exists in the world around us – plants and animals, earth and rocks, air and water, climate and weather. At the beginning of his development man was very dependent on Nature, being its real and naïve child. But with time getting older and more knowledgeable people ventured “to conquer” Nature. For many centuries man has been trying to solve Nature’s mysteries, to discover its laws, to make it serve his necessities. In doing so people change the world. New discoveries and inventions, new technologies make a dramatic impact on the planet which is our habitat. Great achievements of the human race have facilitated the life of people, but many of them have been harmful to our environment. Nowadays the humanity is trying to reconsider the results of its own progress.
Scientists, politicians, ecologists and the majority of common people are beginning to understand that the damage to ecosystems can lead to real disasters when nothing could save the planet and life on it
The most serious environmental problems are: pollution in its many forms (air, water and soil pollution, radioactive pollution), ozone layer destruction and the increase of ultraviolet light, global warming, forest destruction and deforestation, endangered plants and animals, extinction of species, disruption of ecological balances, excessive exploitation of natural resources
Man, being Nature’s child, must grow up and fast enough to be able to protect Mother Nature. It’s high time people all over the world understood – nature can live without us, we cannot live without nature.Environmental awareness should be increased everywhere, global ecological institutions should be created, new technologies should not be used unless they are proved to be ecologically safe, scientists of different countries should work together to develop new “clean” sources of energy. Governments should make laws to protect the air, water and soil.
But the thing is that not only governments, scientist and politicians are responsible for the future of our planet. We all should be friendly to our environment. We should save water and energy, plant trees and flowers, help animals and birds to survive. We can also walk or cycle instead of going by car. We should leave wild flowers for others to enjoy and keep our countryside clean and tidy.
In conclusion I want to say that ecological problems are so urgent that we should do everything possible to change the situation for the better. Otherwise, our pursuit of growth and luxury may leave us homeless.