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Vocabulary practice. 1. Match up the words that are opposite in meaning





1. Match up the words that are opposite in meaning.

save distinct

empty display

additional include

subtle erase

hide basic

retrieve full

 

2. Fill in the blanks choosing out of the variants given.

1. To make storing and finding data fast, a disk drive deals with a … which is a group of sectors.

a) track b) bin c) cluster d) junction

2. You had better … cryptic abbreviations in files and folders.

a) give b) avoid c) access d) accept

3. You can avoid growing your list of files to an unmanageable size by … unnecessary files and folders.

a) saving b) deleting c) renaming d) moving

4. File … facilitates the process of organizing and manipulating your computer-based files.

a) location b) extension c) performance d) management

5. The operating system revises the index file to … the new file name and its location.

a) erase b) include c) number d) exclude

6. … a file is stored on a disk, CD, etc., the storage medium should be formatted.

a) before b) after c) while d) since

7. The pattern of … tracks and sectors is dependent on the storage medium and your PC’s operating system.

a) dividing b) selecting c) numbering d) arranging

 

3. Make three-word combinations using the words in columns and then fill in the gaps in the following sentences.

A: file B: sign C: option

save storage utility

master management table

data file bin

plus as icon

 

1. If you want to select a name and a storage device for a file, the … should be used.

2. … are designated addresses by numbering tracks and sectors.

3. A special … provided by the operating system helps you manage your files efficiently.

4. The … is used to display the next level of your computer’s hierarchy of storage devices and folders.

5. The … is the index file supported by the NFTS file system.

 

4. Fill in the gaps in the text.

File ___ provides any procedure that can help you organize your computer-based files so that you can find and use them more ___. File management uses tools provided with a software program to open and save files. Additional tools might enable you to ___ new files and folders, rename files, and delete them. The Save and Save As ___ boxes are examples of these file management tools.



Before a computer stores data on a disk, CD, or DVD, it creates the equivalent of electronic storage ___ by dividing the disk into ___, and then further dividing the disk into ___. This dividing process is referred to as ___. Each sector of a disk is numbered, providing a storage address that the operating system can track. Many computers work with a group of sectors, called a ___, to increase the efficiency of file storage operations.

 

Speaking. Discuss the following questions.

1. What does file management mean?

2. How does a software application help users manage files?

3. What is the difference between the Save option and the Save As option?

4. What is the example of a file management utility?

5. What is Windows Explorer designed for?

6 What can be done with the files and folders that are listed in Windows Explorer?

7. What file management tips should be followed while manipulating files?

8. What does the formatting process involve?

9. What is a cluster?

10. Is a file system’s primary or secondary task to keep track of which clusters keep data and which clusters don’t?

11. How does the operating system use an index file to help you save a file?

 

Text C

Pre-reading.Match the meaning of the following English words with their Russian equivalents.

 

computer virus вирусная подпись
malicious code бот
boot sector virus компьютерный вирус
macro virus «Троянский конь»
trigger event переключающее (триггерное) событие
Trojan horse контрольная сумма
keylogger клавиатурный шпион
bot макровирус
antivirus software вирус сектора загрузки
checksum вредоносный код
virus signature антивирусное программное обеспечение

Reading.Read the text and try to guess the meaning of the words in bold. Check your variants in the dictionary.






Date: 2015-10-18; view: 171; Нарушение авторских прав

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