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Infinitive Past Simple Participle II Participle I
(to) V Ved (II ф) Ved (III ф) Ving (IVф)
(to) connect Connected connected connecting
(to) make Made made making
    Perfect / Passive Continuous

Упражнение 1.Прочтите следующие предложения. Определите форму глагола-сказуемого (залог, время). Переведите предложения.

1. Some blind and partially sighted people use computer-based technology to gain access to printed information. 2. In 1997, a new technology emerged that brought digital sound and video into homes over the world. 3. Since 2006 another revolution with the introduction of Blu-ray Discs has taken place. 4. Users will be able to connect to the Internet via Wi-Fi. 5. Minicomputers are becoming less popular as microcomputers improve. 6. We have been solving the problem since 1993. 7. Up to this point we have been discussing information retrieval in general terms. 8. Two keys are usually employed, one to encode and the other to decode the information. 9. The separate elements of the building have been manufactured at different factories. 10. Computer Security techniques are being developed to protect single computers from accidental or intentional invasion of data by unauthorized individuals. 11. Science is the means by which the whole of our civilization is rapidly being transformed. 12. The new device will have been tested before the chief engineer comes.

Упражнение 2.Прочтите текст. Найдите глаголы и определите, в какой они форме.

SMS History

SMS was created during the late 1980s to work with a digital technology called GSM (global system for mobile communications), which is the basis for most modern cell phones. The Norwegian engineers who were inventing it wanted a very simple messaging system that worked when users' mobile phones were turned off or out of signal range. Most sources agree that the first SMS message was sent in the UK in 1992.

As SMS was born in Europe, it's not surprising that it took a little longer to make its way to the United States. Even today it is much more popular in Europe. A July 2005 study found that 37 percent of U.S. mobile phone owners had sent or received at least one text message in the previous month.

Упражнение 3.Прочтите текст. Заполните пропуски подходящей формой предложенных глаголов.


Originally, radio technology was ______ (call) 'wireless telegraphy', which was _____ (shorten) to 'wireless'. Wireless is an old-fashioned term for a radio transceiver or for a radio receiver. Now the term is ______ (use) to describe modern wireless connections such as those in cellular networks and wireless broadband Internet. In modern usage, wireless is a method of communication that uses low-powered radio waves _______ (transmit) data between devices. The term refers to communication without cables or cords, chiefly using radio frequency and infrared waves. High powered transmission sources usually require government licenses ______ (broadcast) on a specific wavelength. This broadcast platform which has historically _____ (carry) voice and music, has ___ (grow) into a large industry, with many thousands of broadcasts around the world. Low-powered radio waves are often unregulated. Wireless is now increasingly ___ ___ (use) by unregulated computer users. Software and hardware developers are _____ (create) smaller computer networks which form special wireless network, with protocols such as Wi-Fi and ZigBee.


Основной глагол

Основной глагол, имеющий значение «быть, существовать, находиться», на русский язык чаще всего не переводится: Wi-Fi is a technology providing wireless transmission of data over a short range – Wi-Fi – это технология, обеспечивающая беспроводную передачу данных на короткие расстояния.

Обратите внимание! В сочетании с there (there is/was/ has been/ will be, etc.) на русский язык переводится«есть, существует, имеется».

There are a number of different ways to receive digital television – существует несколько различных способов принимать цифровое телевидение.

Обратите вниманиена некоторые устойчивые словосочетания, в которых to be может переводиться по-разному:

to be of interest – представлять интерес,

to be of importance – иметь большое значение, быть важным,

to be in use – использоваться.

Упражнение 4. Прочтите и переведите следующие предложения.

1. Radio is the transmission of signals, by means of electromagnetic waves with frequencies below those of visible light. 2. GSM is a worldwide standard for mobile phones. 3. The variety of software is infinite: there are applications for education, entertainment, business and every field you can imagine. 4. The Internet is a revolution in communications. 5. Monitoring your home and transmitting images via the Web are only a couple of the things you can do with your Webcam. There are a lot of other ways to use a camera that's connected to your computer. 6. There were problems to solve. 7. There has been a scarcity of coding schemes in the industry. 8. Are there any ways of dealing with this type of errors? 9. There will not be fiber available to the customers` premises (помещения заказчиков) for at least two years. 10. There may be times when you suspect that your software has errors.

Date: 2016-05-15; view: 230; Нарушение авторских прав

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