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Text. About Myself and My Family



My name is Oleg Ivanov. I was born in Alexin. It’s a nice old town, I like it very much as it’s the place of my childhood. At the age of 7 I began to attend school. I studied very well and usually received only top marks. I finished school at the age of 17. The same year I went to Tula and entered Tula State University. I want to become a good specialist in the field of electronics.

I was born in the family of professional workers. My father is an engineer, he works at a big plant. Now he is 50. He graduated from Tula Polytechnical Institute. My mother is 45, she’s a doctor and works at a hospital. I’m proud of my parents.

I have a brother and a sister. They live in Alexin. My brother is 22. He has a family of his own, they are three in all - my brother, his wife and their little son. My sister is not married, she is 17 and she is a student of Pedagogical College. She is going to be a teacher of English. She works hard and she is a good student.

We have a granny, she is a pensioner. She is well past 60, but looks young for her age. She is very kind to all of us. We also have many close and distant relatives and we are always glad to see each other.

 

I. Read the text ‘About Myself and My Family’ and answer the questions.

 

1. Where was Oleg Ivanov born ?

When and where were you born ?

What is the place of your mother’s birth ?

2. How did Oleg study at school ?

What subjects were you good at school ?

What subjects did you dislike ?

3. What are Oleg’s parents ?

What are your parents ?

4. Where does his father ( mother ) work ?

Where do your parents work ?

5. How old is Oleg’s mother ?

How old is your mother ?

How old are you ?

6. Does Oleg have a brother or a sister ?

Do you have a brother or a sister ?

Are you an only child ?

7. Oleg’s brother is very young, isn’t he ?

Are you very young ?

8. Is Oleg’s sister married ?

Are you married ?

9. What college does Oleg’s sister study at ?

What University do you study at ?



10. Why did Oleg enter the University ?

Why did you enter the University ?

11. How old is Oleg’s granny ?

How old are your grandparents ?

 

D I A L O G U E S

 

a) Read the dialogues in pairs.

 

I.

A. Is your family large ?

B. No, it isn’t. We are only 3 in the family. ( There are 3 of us in the family ).

A. How old are your parents ?

B. My mother is 40. My father is 43.

A. Do they still work ?

B. Yes, they do.

 

II.

A. Are you married ?

B. Yes, I am.

A. Would you tell me about your family ? How many children do you have ?

B. I have two children, a son and a daughter.

A. How lucky you are !

 

III.

A. Are you married ?

B. No, I’m not. I’m single.

A. Do you live with your parents ?

B. No, I don’t. They live in Rostov.

 

IV.

A. Hi ! My name is Tom Smith. I’m from Atlanta, Georgia. What’s your name?

B. I’m Pedro.

A. And where are you from, Pedro?

B. I’m from Madrid, Spain.

A. Oh, really? Nice to meet you.

B. Nice to meet you too.

 

b) Reproduce the short dialogues in similar situations.

 

II. Make up short situations based on the model.

 

Model: It’s Robert Brown. He’s 26.

He’s a journalist. He’s American.

He comes from New York.


Substitutes:

Name Age Job Nationality Residence
Mary Smith Tom Stuart Jerry Brown Robert Grey Clair Jones Andrew Smith architect secretary doctor mechanic actress lawyer English Irish Canadian Australian American Scottish London Dublin Ottawa Sydney New York Edinburgh

 

III. Study the Family Tree. Say whether the following statements are true ( T ) or false ( F ).

 

Pete + Jane


Teresa Tom + Ann Dick + Mary Dorothy

 

Louis Charlie Beatrice

 

1. Jane is Dorothy’s mother.

2. Pete is Ann’s father.

3. Tom is Mary’s husband.

4. Teresa is Tom’s wife.

5. Louis is Charlie’s brother.

6. Beatrice is Louis’s cousin.

7. Dorothy is Beatrice’s aunt.

8. Tom is Louis’s uncle.

9. Charlie is Mary’s nephew.

10. Beatrice is Teresa’s niece.

11. Ann is Teresa’s sister-in-law.

12. Tom is Dorothy’s brother.

13. Dorothy is Pete’s daughter.

14. Ann is Mary’s sister.

15. Pete is Charlie’s grandfather.

16. Beatrice is an only child.

17. Dorothy has two children.

18. Jane is Beatrice’s grandmother.

19. Louis is Jane’s grandson.

20. Dorothy is single.

 

IV. Work in pairs.

One student makes a sketch of his (her) family tree trying to remember all his (her) relatives, the other asks questions and draws the family tree. Then they compare the sketches.

 

V. Speak about your own family. The following questions will help you.

 

1. How large is your family ?

2. Are your family early risers ? Why ? What about you ?

3. Are you the eldest of the family ?



4. Do you have any special duties ?

5. Who do you most take after, your mother or your father ?

6. Who are you like in character ?

7. Who do you look like ?

8. Who is the head of your family ?

9. Do you think that older and younger generations should live together ?

 

VI. Imagine that you are a small child lost in an unknown town. What will you tell a policeman about your father and mother to help him find them.

 

VII. Imagine that you are

a) a film star;

b) a 15-year-old girl ( boy ) who wants independence;

c) a 18-year-old girl ( boy ).

What will you say about your family to

a) a reporter;

b) your new friend;

c) a stranger.

 

J U S T F O R F U N

 

1. Read the poem.

 

This is our dad, short and stout;

This is our mum, with children all about;

This is our sister, with a doll on her knee;

This is our brother, tall you see;

This is our baby, sure to grow;

And here is our family all in a row.


2. Read the jokes. Learn the funniest of them by heart.

 

- My mother-in-law is an angel.

- You lucky fellow ! Mine is still alive !

 

***

 

The meeting-places of love:

Their eyes meet, their hands meet,

Their lips meet, their lawyers meet.

 

***

 

Jane: Is the man your sister’s going to marry rich ?

Dick: I think not. Every time mother talks about the wedding father says “poor man !”

 

***

 

Ann: Why don’t you marry, Jane ?

Jane: I will only marry a man who knows life and has learned its sorrows.

Ann: I see, a widower.

 

2. Here are some proverbs and sayings. Read them and find the Russian equivalents. Use the proverbs in a natural context.

 

He that has a wife has a master.

As the baker so the buns, as the father so the sons.

Necessity is a hard nurse, but she raises strong children.

To be born with a silver spoon in one’s mouth.

 

3. Read the following passage and answer the questions after it:

 

Here are brief descriptions of the men of the first three months of the year.

The January Mendo most things rather slowly. So if your man is one of these, do not expect a lightning courtship or a very speedy marriage - though if born before December 28th he will do a little faster. Let him do all the wooing himself, for he likes to be the leader and to make up his own mind.

Don’t look for him to be a picturesque wooer. He won’t often call you pet names or tell you he loves you. But to the right girl he shows a deep devotion, expressed in deeds of kindness rather than in words.

He is very ambitious. Nothing and nobody must stand in the way of his career. Take a real interest in his work if you want to win and keep him.

The girls who are happiest with January men are those born under the zodiac signs of Taurus, Virgo and his own sign of Capricorn.

The February Menare those with birthdays between January 21st and February 20th. You are quite likely to meet this man in a club or institution, for he is interested in all such things and will like you to be.

He is rather pessimistic. But he is fascinating, companionable, trustworthy and a very good father. Except financial ups and downs you may marry him, for his fortunes vary a good deal. The girl who weds him should preferably be born in his own sign or in those of Gemini or Libra.

The March Manmakes an almost ideal lover, for he is romantic, deeply affectionate, unselfish and very generous. If he loves a girl he will adapt to her opinions, spend his last penny on her and do everything in the world to show his devotion. At the same time, such a blind love exacts constant attention in return.

He adores travel and often meets his future wife on a journey or staying abroad. He hates long engagements. As he is usually lucky with money when young, the wedding bells are likely to ring soon.

The ideal wife for him is one born under the signs of Cancer or Scorpio, or failing these, in his own sign of Pisces.

 

Signs of Zodiac.

^ Aries - Овен ( 21.03. - 19.04. )

_ Taurus - Телец ( 20.04. - 20.05. )

` Gemini - Близнецы ( 21.05. - 20.06. )

a Cancer - Рак ( 21.06. - 22.07. )

b Leo - Лев ( 23.07. - 22.08. )

c Virgo - Дева ( 23.08. - 22.09. )

d Libra - Весы ( 23.09. - 22.10. )

e Scorpio - Скорпион ( 23.10. - 21.11. )

f Sagittarius - Стрелец ( 22.11. - 21.12. )

g Capricorn - Козерог ( 22.12. - 19.01. )

h Aquarius - Водолей ( 20.01. - 18.02. )

i Pisces - Рыбы ( 19.02. - 20.03. )

 

Questions

 

1. Do you trust in the zodiac signs descriptions of people?

2. What zodiac sign were you born under? Do you know the name of your zodiac sign in English?

3. Have you a friend born under the zodiac sign of Taurus ( Virgo or so on )? Do you appreciate her / his character? Is he / she a good friend?

4. What sign was your mother ( father ) born under?


U n i t 2

 

G r a m m a r: 1. Construction there + be 2. Indefinite and Negative Pronouns 3. Indefinite (Simple) Tenses Present Indefinite Tense (Active) T e x t s: A. Education in the Russian Federation B. Schooling in the United Kingdom C. University Education in Great Britain D. Oxford C o n v e r s a t i o n: Tula State University  

 

Г р а м м а т и ч е с к и й м а т е р и а л

 

1. Конструкция there + be

Конструкция there + be (быть, находиться, существовать) употребляется для выражения наличия (или отсутствия) в определенном месте какого-либо лица или предмета. Данный оборот стоит в начале предложения, за ним следует подлежащее, выраженное существительным, т.е. имеет место обратный порядок слов.

There is a book on the table.

There is подлежащее обстоятельство места.

 

Запомните !

При наличии нескольких подлежащих глагол to be согласуется с первым из них:

There is a table and five desks in the room.

There are five desks and a table in the room.

 

2. Если в предложении с оборотом there + be имеется обстоятельство, перевод начинают с этого обстоятельства:

There is a book on the table.

На столе есть (лежит) книга.

 

3. При отсутствии обстоятельства перевод начинают с самого оборота:

There are different kinds of energy.

Существуют (имеются) различные виды энергии.

Обратите внимание !

1. Глагол to be в данном обороте может употребляться в различных временных формах:

There has been a meeting at our faculty this week. На этой неделе на нашем фа- культете было собрание.
There was a woman and two girls in the room. В комнате находились женщи-на и две девочки.
There will be 3 lectures tomor­row. Завтра будет 3 лекции.

2. В вопросительных предложениях глагол to be (или вспомогательный глагол, если глагол to be употреблен в сложной форме) ставится перед there:

Are there any students in the room ?

Were there many mistakes in the test ?

Will there be 2 lectures tomorrow ?

Для образования специальных вопросов следует поставить вопросительное местоимение перед глаголом to be:

What is there on the table ?

Who is there in the room ?

How many students are there at the lecture ?

What books were there in your bag ?

Whose copy-books are there on the desk ?

 

3. Отрицательные предложения с оборотом there + be могут образовываться двумя способами (см. таблицу).

 

  PRESENT PAST FUTURE
Утвердительная форма there is a book there are books there was a book there were books a book there will be books
Вопросительная форма is there a book ? are there books ? was there a book ? were there books ? a book will there be books
Отрицательная форма (два способа построения) there is no book there isn’t any book   there are no books there aren’t any books there was no book there wasn’t any book   there were no books there weren’t any books   there will be book no books   there won’t book be any books

 

Заметьте, отрицательная форма there isn’t / there aren’t / there wasn’t / there weren’t / there won’t be используется

 

а) в кратких ответах на общие вопросы :

Is there a book on the table ?

No, there isn’t.

б) в предложениях, если перед подлежащим стоит числительное или слова many / much / enough:

There isn’t enough money here.

 

Для выражения полного отрицания наличия предмета или лица в данном месте перед подлежащим ставится отрицательное местоимение по:

There is no book on the table.

There are no students in the room.

There was no lecture yesterday.

 

Примечания:

1. Кроме глагола to be, после there могут употребляться и некоторые другие непереходные глаголы такие, как to live жить, to exist существовать, to appear появляться, to arise возникать, to stand стоять и т.д.

There arose a lot of questions after his lecture.   После его лекции возникло множество вопросов.
There came a knock at the door.   Раздался стук в дверь.

 

2. Любой из модальных глаголов может входить в конструкцию there+be.

There must be a mistake in this text.   В этом тексте, должно быть, есть ошибка.
There may have been a storm in their region yesterday.   В их районе, возможно, был вчера ураган.

 

3. При переводе с русского языка на английский язык предложений с глаголом есть, имеется оборот there is употребляется только при указании места; при указании лица (у меня, у Пети есть...) употребляется глагол to have.

У меня

есть (имеется) интересная английская книга.

На столе

I have an interesting English book.

There is an interesting English book on the table.


2. Неопределенные и отрицательные местоимения

(Indefinite and Negative Pronouns)

 

 

  thing body one where  
  some something что-то что-нибудь somebody кто-то кто-нибудь someone кто-то кто-нибудь somewhere где-то где-нибудь куда-то куда-нибудь 1. В утвердительных предложениях 2. В специальных вопросах и общих вопросах, выражаю-щих просьбу, пред-ложение
    anything что-нибудь anybody кто-нибудь anyone кто-нибудь anywhere где-нибудь куда-нибудь   1. В вопросительных предложениях
    any что-нибудь кто-нибудь кто-нибудь где-нибудь куда-нибудь   2. В условных при-даточных предложе-ниях
  всё что угод-но всякий любой всякий любой всюду везде   3. В утвердительных предложениях
  ничто никто никто нигде никуда 4. В отрицательных предложениях (при отрицательной фор-ме глагола)
  no nothing ничто nobody никто no one никто nowhere нигде никуда В отрицательных предложениях (при утвердительной форме глагола)
  every everything всё everybody все, каждый, всякий everyone все, каждый, всякий everywhere везде В утвердительных, вопросительных и отрицательных предложениях

 

Примечание:

в английском языке everybody, everyone в функции подлежащего требуют после себя глагол в единственном числе 3-го лица.

 

 


Запомните !

1. Местоимение some и его производные употребляются в основном в утвердительных предложениях вместо артикля как определение к существительному. На русский язык часто не переводится.

I’ve bought some coffee. Я купила кофе.

 

2. Местоимение any и его производные:

а) в утвердительных предложениях имеют значения: всякий, любой, всё, везде, всюду:

You may take any of these books.

Вы можете взять любую из этих книг.

 

б) в отрицательных и вопросительных предложениях заменяют some и его производные:

Did you make any mistakes in your work yesterday ?

Вы сделали ошибки в своей работе вчера ?

 

3. В отрицательных предложениях можно использовать:

а) not + any / anything, anybody, anyone, anywhere;

б) no / nothing, nobody, no one, nowhere.

He had no English books.

I have no paper to write on.

He didn’t have any English books.

 

Примечание:

местоимение some может употребляться в специальных и общих вопросах, выражающих просьбу или предложение:

Do you have some envelopes ?

У вас не найдется сколько-нибудь конвертов ?

Would you like some coffee ?

Вы будете пить кофе ?

 

 

Much, many, little, few

Исчисляемые существительные Неисчисляемые существительные  
many - много few - мало a few - несколько much - много little - мало a little - немного  
a lot of, lots of, plenty of - много

 

Местоимения many (много), few (мало), a few (несколько) употребляются перед исчисляемыми существительными и отвечают на вопрос How many ? Сколько ?

I have many (few) English books.

У меня много (мало) английских книг.

 

Местоимения much (много), little (мало), a little (немного) употребляется перед неисчисляемыми существительными и отвечают на вопрос How much ? Сколько ?

I have little (much) free time today.

У меня сегодня мало (много) свободного времени.

 

Примечание:

слова much, little, a little имеют значение наречий, когда они определяют глагол, а не существительное.

She works very much. Она очень много работает.

She speaks English a little. Она немного говорит по-английски.

 

3. Indefinite (Simple) Tenses

(Неопределенные времена)

 

Времена группы Indefinite (Present, Past, Future) употребляются для выражения обычных, постоянных или повторяющихся действий в настоящем, прошедшем или будущем времени без указания на их длительность или завершенность.

 

Present Indefinite Tense (Active)

Запомните !

1. Present Indefinite Tense образуется от инфинитива глагола без частицы to;

2. В 3 л. ед. ч. глагол принимает окончание -s; если глагол оканчивается на гласную, шипящую или свистящую, окончание имеет форму -es.

ask + s = asks

go + es = goes

cross + es = crosses

 

3. Вопросительная и отрицательная формы образуются с помощью вспомогательного глагола do(does) и инфинитива смыслового глагола без частицы to.


Обратите внимание !

Вспомогательный глагол употребляется в форме does только в 3 лице ед. ч.

Утвердительная форма Вопросительная форма Отрицательная форма
I ask He asks Do I ask ? Does he ask ? I do not (don’t) ask He does not (doesn’t) ask

 

Present Indefinite Tense выражает:

а) факты, отдельные действия.

The Sun rises in the East. Солнце восходит на востоке.

 

б) обычные, регулярно повторяющиеся действия.

I go to the Institute every day. Я хожу в институт каждый день.

 

в) последовательность событий, действий.

I get up, do my morning exercises and go to the bathroom.

Я встаю, делаю зарядку и иду в ванную комнату.

 

г) будущее действие, связанное с расписанием транспорта, программами радио, телевидения и т.д.

The football match starts at 8 o’clock.

Футбольный матч начнется в 8 часов.

Запомните !

1. Present Indefinite Tense часто употребляется с обстоятельствами:

  always всегда
  as a rule как правило
  every day (year, month, etc.) каждый день (год, месяц и т.д.)
  from time to time время от времени
  generally обычно, как правило
  often часто
  seldom редко
  sometimes иногда
  regularly обычно
  usually обычно
  never никогда

 

 

2. Глаголы в Present Indefinite Tense переводятся на русский язык глаголами настоящего времени несовершенного вида.

They live in Moscow. The computer controls the motion of the robot arm. Они живут в Москве. ЭВМ управляет движением руки робота.

 

Примечания:

1. Обстоятельства as a rule, every day (week, month, year...) могут стоять в начале или в конце предложения.

Every day we read newspapers.

We read newspapers every day.

As a rule I get up at 7 o’clock.

I get up at 7 o’clock as a rule.

 

2. Наречия often, seldom, usually, always, sometimes, как правило, стоят:

а) перед смысловым глаголом:

They often read English newspapers

They seldom go out in the evening.

 

б) после глагола to be, если сказуемое выражено глаголом to be:

His marks are always good.

She is usually on time.

 
 

 

 


У П Р А Ж Н Е Н И Я

 

I. Употребите much, many, few, little со следующими словами:

  pens tables water students snow men   mistakes furniture news people time money   children women work mice bread clothes  

 

II. Вставьте much, many, few, little, a few, a little, a lot of:

1. I have ... questions to ask. 2. Is there ... furniture in your cottage ? 3. Has he ... or ... free time ? 4. There were so ... people in the room that we couldn’t move. 5. She is a quiet person. She doesn’t say ... . 6. Pat has got ... work today. 7. Don’t put ... salt into his soup. 8. Is there ... space in your room ? - No, not very ... . 9. I know ... English traditions. 10. She is so lonely. She has ... friends.

 

III. Употребите how much ? или how many ? :

 


1. ... mistakes are there in your dictation ? 2. ... time is left ? 3. ... friends have you got ? 4. ... money do you need ? 5. ... times did I tell you this ? 6. ... feet is your room ? 7. ... sheep has this farmer got ? 8. ... have you read ?

 

IV. Выберите правильное слово:

 

1. Do you have (some, any) work to do ? 2. My son has (some, any) French books at home. 3. I haven’t got (some, any) questions. 4. Please, bring me (some, any) chalk. 5. Give me the newspaper, please. I’ve got (some, any) time to read it now. 6. Please, take (some, any) magazine you like. 7. Do you learn (some, any) foreign languages ? 8. There isn’t (some, any) paper on the desk. 9. There are (some, any) books on your desk. 10. Are there (any, some) students in the room ? 11. Does your friend have (any, some) English books at home ? 12. Were there (any, some) new films on TV yesterday ? 13. Do you write (any, some) dictations at your English lessons ? 14. Is there (nobody, somebody, anybody) in the room ? 15. They have (any, some) friends in Moscow. 16. You can take (some, any) book. 17. There are (any, some) new words in this text. 18. Do you know (nothing, anything, something) about England ? No, I don’t know (anything, nothing, something). 19. Is there (nobody, somebody, anybody) at home ? Yes, there is (anybody, nobody, somebody).

 

V. Употребите some, any, every, no или их производные:

 

1. It is so dark here. I can’t see ... . 2. You can ask him ... question, he will answer it. 3. I want to tell you ... interesting. 4. The party was dull, there were ... interesting people. 5. Can you give me ... money ? 6. If ... happens let me know. 7. I need ... to help me with my English. 8. ... must be on time for classes. 9. Are you going ... for the weekend ? 10. Do we have ... milk ? - No, we don’t have ..., go and buy ... . 11. She felt unhappy, she had ... to speak to, ... to do. 12. Would you like ... to drink ? 13. Do you live ... near Nick ? 14. There’s ... at the door. Can you go and see who it is ? 15. Can I have ... milk in my coffee, please ? 16. She doesn’t want to eat ... . 17. Can you give me ... information about places to see in your town ? 18. You can take ... book you like. 19. Does ... know Jim ? 20. Do you have ... to read ? 21. She is very secretive. She never tells ... ... (two words).


 

VI. Составьте предложения. Используйте подстановочные таблицы.

 

а)

 

    There   is       a   desk blackboard picture door window student computer   in the room. in the corner.
      are   some many few five two desks windows pictures students computers lamps on the wall.

 

 

б)

 

  Is   there   a book copy book ball point pen pencil   on the desk ? on the table ? in your bag ?
  Are   there       any pencils pens books copy books   on the desk ? on the table ? in your bag ?
         
    is   table computer pencil lamp   in the corner. on the desk. in the room.
There are no chairs desks TV-sets cassette players tape-recorders in the bag. at the table.

 

в)

 

    There     was   were   will be   a / an   one English lesson nice film test dictation new student     on TV at the lesson in our town     yesterday. last week. a week ago.
  some many few five two mistakes students lectures institutes libraries in the dictation in our group tomorrow. next month. in a week.

 

г)

 

  Was   Were there be   a / an one some English lesson students mistakes lectures     on TV at the lesson   yesterday. last Monday. a week ago.
  Will many five two universities new student tests new film in our town in the dictation in our group in a week. next month. tomorrow.

 

VII. Составьте предложения с оборотом there is / there are. Используйте приведенные ниже образцы:

 

а) образец: a book on the table

There is a book on the table.

 

 

a girl in the room

a cat on the chair

some students in the classroom

some books on the desk

a pen on the book

a picture on the wall

a desk near the window

ten students in our group

two windows in the classroom

many new words in the text

б) образец: a book on the table

Is there a book on the table ?

a table in the room

a chair in the corner

some pictures on the wall

two students at the blackboard

five lamps in the room

a TV-set on the table

a pen on the desk

a sentence on the blackboard

a cat under the table

 
 


в) образец: some books on the table

There are no books on the table.

There aren’t any books on the table.

 

a door in the room

two pictures on the wall

a pen and a pencil on the desk

one window in the room

ten students in the group

some desks in the classroom

many new words in the text

a cassette player in the room

 

VIII. Завершите следующие вопросы обстоятельствами и ответьте на них:

1. Are there any desks ... ? 2. Was there a university ... ? 3. Is there a door ... ? 4. Will there be many people ... ? 5. Are there any words ... ? 6. Were there many students ... ? 7. Will there be an English lesson ... ? 8. Were there many mistakes ... ?

 

IX. Согласитесь со следующими утверждениями. Используйте в речи оборот there is / there are.

Образец: You’ve got three members in your family. -

Yes, there are three members in my family.

 

1. You can see a student in the picture. 2. You’ve got a book in front of you. 3. You’ve got no laboratory on the first floor. 4. You can see a TV-set in the hall. 5. You can see many difficult words in this text. 6. She’s got three mistakes in her test.

 


X. Закончите следующие предложения в письменной форме:

1. In this country there ... . 2. In our library there ... . 3. In the street there ... . 4. In the University there ... . 5. On the table there ... . 6. In Asia there ... . 7. On the wall there ... . 8. Under the window there ... .

 

XI. Сделайте следующие предложения а) отрицательными; б) вопросительными:

1. There is a blackboard in our room. 2. There are English books on my desk. 3. There was a telegram on the table. 4. There will be five lessons tomorrow. 5. There were many mistakes in your dictation. 6. There are many new words in this text. 7. There is a picture on the wall. 8. There was a nice film on TV yesterday. 9. There will be many people at the concert on Sunday. 10. There are two universities in our town. 11. There are many photos in this album. 12. There are few people in the hall. 13. There are many students in the lab. 14. There is somebody at home.

 

XII. Употребите глагол to be в правильной форме:

1. There ... a pen and two pencils on the desk. 2. There ... two pencils and a pen on the desk. 3. There ... much snow in the streets. 4. There ... six chairs and a table in the room. 5. ... there any chalk on the blackboard ? 6. How many pages ... there in the book ? 7. There ... a nice film on TV yesterday. 8. There ... many students at the meeting next Monday. 9. There ... two institutes in our town 30 years ago. 10. There ... many people in the park last Sunday.

 

XIII. Вставьте it или there:

1. ... is winter. ... is a lot of snow. 2. ... was Christmas. ... were a lot of presents under the Christmas tree. 3. I think ... is high time to begin. 4. ... is a student from Britain in our group. 5. Where ... is life, ... is hope. 6. ... is no smoke without fire. 7. ... never rains but ... pours.

 

XIV. Задайте вопросы относительно того места, которое вам необходимо найти. Используйте образец.

Образец: I want to see a new film.

Is there a cinema near here ?

 

1. I want to buy a new dress. 2. I want to post a letter. 3. I want to buy some food. 4. I am hungry. 5. I want to buy a newspaper. 6. I want to consult a doctor. 7. I want to make a call home. 8. I want to get to the centre.

 

XV. Переведите письменно:

1. В комнате нет телевизора. 2. Сколько книг на парте ? 3. В этой комнате три окна. 4. Вчера по телевизору был хороший фильм. 5. Завтра будет диктант на уроке английского языка. 6. У тебя в диктанте было две ошибки. 7. В нашей группе было 13 студентов, теперь будет 10. 8. У вас было много уроков вчера ? 9. Какие книги у тебя на парте ? 10. Сколько университетов у вас в городе ? 11. На парте есть несколько английских книг и две русские книги. 12. Вчера на уроке английского языка не было двух студентов. 13. На следующей неделе будет 3 урока английского языка.

 

XVI. Составьте предложения разных типов. Используйте подстановочные таблицы.

Помните !

Окончание -s (-es) добавляется только в 3-ем лице ед. числа (he, she, it):

а) утвердительные предложения:

  I We You They       usually often seldom sometimes   read(s) listen(s) to write(s) go(es) come(s) watch(es) translate(s) books texts the radio exercises the music TV to the University home     in the evening in the morning on weekends after classes  
He She

 

 

б) отрицательные предложения:

 

I We You They   He She     do not     does not   read write listen to watch come go translate books exercises texts the music the radio TV to the University home     in the evening in the morning after classes on weekends    

 

 


в) вопросительные предложения:

 

  Do you we they   read write    
  Does he she translate study   texts  
  What Where Why When     do   you we they get have come drink wash up exercises books English breakfast to the University   in the morning in the evening on weekends every day
How   does he she wash to the office home after lunch before lunch
    Who goes reads has writes studies comes drinks some coffee some beer hands dishes before dinner

 

XVII. Составьте предложения по образцу. Используйте глаголы, приведенные в скобках.

Образец: а) We ___ (to write) dictations in class.

We write dictations in class.

б) He ___ (to do) exercises at home.

He does exercises at home.

 

а) 1. We ___ (to read) English books every day. 2. They ___ (to speak) English at the lesson. 3. I ___ (to listen) to the music in the morning. 4. You ___ (to go) to the University on weekdays. 5. I ___ (to prepare) my homework in the evening. 6. We ___ (to have) breakfast at 7 o’clock.

б) 7. He ___ (to write) letters home every month. 8. She ___ (to arrive) at the University at 7.30. 9. My friend ___ (to like) music very much. 10. He ___ (to speak) English very well. 11. She ___ (to have) breakfast at 9. 12. He ___ (to go) to the University by tram.

 

XVIII. Напишите новые предложения со словами, приведенными в скобках.

Образец: I go to the University in the morning. (He)

He goes to the University in the morning.

We don’t have lunch at home. (He)

He doesn’t have lunch at home.

 

1. I have breakfast at 8. (My friend) 2. She studies at the University. (I) 3. We arrive at the office at 8.30. (She) 4. They don’t go to the cinema every week. (He) 5. She doesn’t like coffee. (I) 6. You live not far from the University. (She) 7. She doesn’t speak English. (They) 8. They often visit their friends. (He) 9. He seldom reads English books. (We) 10. We don’t take exams every month. (She)

 

XIX. Употребите глаголы, приведенные в скобках, в соответствующей форме.

1. She (to like) to listen to the music. 2. We (not, to study) Spanish at the University. 3. He (to translate) my English texts. 4. They (not, to speak) English. 5. I (to know) many English words. 6. You (to like) coffee and she (to like) tea. 7. She (to live) near her office. 8. We (to have) English lessons twice a week. 9. She (not, to watch) TV in the morning. 10. I (to have) breakfast at 7 and my mother (to have) breakfast at 9.

 

XX. Измените следующие предложения, добавив наречия usually, often, seldom, sometimes.

Образец: I get up at 7 o’clock.

I usually get up at 7 o’clock.

 

1. On Sundays we get up at 9. 2. He does his morning exercises. 3. We have coffee in the morning. 4. They play tennis on Saturdays. 5. She comes home late. 6. We write dictations. 7. She goes to bed at 12. 8. I have lunch at home. 9. My brother washes up after dinner. 10. My friend reads English newspapers.

 

XXI. Сделайте следующие предложения: а) отрицательными; б) вопросительными.

1. You write a lot of exercises at home. 2. He comes home late. 3. They live far from the University. 4. She speaks English well. 5. He listens to the news every day. 6. We read many English books. 7. I study at the University. 8. She has lunch at her office. 9. She helps her mother to wash up after dinner. 10. They go out of town for the weekend.

 

XXII. Задайте специальные вопросы с вопросительными словами, данными в скобках.

Образец: I have three English classes a day. (Who ?)

Who has three English classes a day ?

 

1. We study at the University. (Where ?) 2. They like to read English books. (What books ?) 3. She goes to the office on weekdays. (When ?) 4. They listen to the news in the morning. (Who ?) 5. She drinks a cup of coffee in the morning. (What ?) 6. We learn many new words to speak English well. (Why ?) 7. My friend speaks Italian very well. (How ?) 8. Our University trains specialists in many fields of science and engineering. (What ?) 9. We read, write and speak English at the lesson. (Who ?) 10. She comes home at 7. (When ?)

 

XXIII. Задайте разделительные вопросы к следующим предложениям:

а) образец: We live in Tula.

We live in Tula, don’t we ?

 

1. You get up at 7. 2. She arrives at the office at 8.30. 3. We have breakfast at home. 4. He speaks English well. 5. They work hard.

 

б) образец: They don’t live in Moscow.

They don’t live in Moscow, do they ?

 

1. You don’t speak Italian. 2. She doesn’t read English magazines. 3. We don’t study Spanish. 4. They don’t come home on time. 5. He doesn’t go to the University on foot.

 

XXIV. Напишите по-английски:

А.

1. У вас есть какие-нибудь книги на английском языке ? Да, есть несколько. 2. Он знает несколько иностранных языков. 3. Ты можешь идти куда угодно. 4. Я ничего не вижу. 5. Вы знаете что-нибудь о Лондоне ? 6. В этой комнате есть какие-нибудь картины ? Да. Там есть несколько хороших картин. 7. Вчера был кто-нибудь на собрании ? Да, были несколько человек. 8. Ты видишь кого-нибудь ? Нет, я никого не вижу. 9. Некоторые студенты читают английские газеты регулярно. 10. В моем диктанте есть ошибки ? Да, есть несколько. 11. Ваш друг говорит на каком-либо иностранном языке ? Нет, он не знает никакого иностранного языка. 12. Кто-нибудь знает этого человека ? Его никто не знает.

 

Б.

1. Она учится в университете, а я работаю на заводе. 2. Мы изучаем много предметов в институте. 3. Я знаю английский, но не знаю немецкий. 4. Ты хорошо говоришь по-английски ? 5. Когда ты приходишь домой ? 6. Я не люблю кофе, я люблю чай. 7. Он живет далеко от университета и добирается до него на автобусе. Я живу рядом с университетом и хожу пешком. 8. Где ты живешь ? 9. Мы много читаем и переводим на уроках английского языка. 10. Мой папа слушает новости утром и вечером, а я их не слушаю. 11. Я обедаю дома, а где ты обедаешь ? 12. Он часто ходит в кино, а мы редко ходим. 13. Обычно я делаю уроки вечером. А ты когда их делаешь ?

 

Р А Б О Т А С Т Е К С Т О М

 








Date: 2015-10-19; view: 97; Нарушение авторских прав

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