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EXERCISES



 

Ex. 1. Pronounce international words correctly. Mind the stress.

 

ꞌtourism ʺsouveꞌnir ꞌstrategy
oꞌfficial ꞌspecialize ʺgovernꞌmental
ꞌpersonal ac'tivity ꞌagency
ꞌservice dyꞌnamic ꞌcommerce
ʺdefiꞌnition preꞌsent ꞌnational
comꞌponent caꞌreer ꞌculturally
ꞌtransport proꞌfessional ꞌindustry

Ex. 2. Study the following pairs of derivatives:

N → Adj V → N
commerce – commercial define ‑ definition
activity ‑ active present ‑ presentation
government ‑ governmental travel ‑ traveller
security ‑ secure accommodate ‑ accommodation
comprehension ‑ comprehensive relax ‑ relaxation

 

Ex. 3. Transform as in the models:

Model 1: to provide services ‑ provision of services

to present opportunities, to develop tourism, to define the term, to accommodate tourists.

 

Model 2: system of transport ‑ transport system

activity of tourist, prospects of career, expenditures of travel, purpose of business, service of hospitality.

 

Model 3: industry of the world – the world’s industry

relaxation of tourists, needs of travellers, experiences of people, information of the agency, promotion of the regions.

 

Ex. 4. Match English and Russian equivalents.

 

1) service industry 2) source of taxation 3) intangible components 4) insurance 5) beverages 6) related services 7) tangible components 8) annual revenue 9) accommodation   a) размещение b) материальные компоненты c) годовой доход d) сфера услуг e) напитки f) нематериальные компоненты g) страхование h) сопутствующие услуги i) источник налоговых поступлений

 



Ex. 5. Choose the right word or word-combination.

 

1. Tourism can be defined as …for personal or business/professional purposes

a) source of taxation

b) the act of travel

c) a system of related services

2. Tourism is a service industry, comprising a number of … .

a) tax revenues

b) personal components

c) tangible and intangible components

3. The World Tourism Organization defines a tourist as… .

a) someone who travels at least thirty kilometres (nineteen miles) from home for business purposes, stays for more than one night and less than a year in a certain place,

b) someone who travels at least eighty kilometres (fifty miles) from home for leisure, business and other purposes, stays for more than one night and less than a year in a certain place,

c) someone who travels at least eighty kilometres (fifty miles) from home for leisure purposes, stays for more than one night and less than two years in a certain place.

4. The development of tourism is often a strategy employed either by a non-governmental organization (NGO) or … .

a) a governmental agency

b) parliament

c) state

5. The World Tourism Organization claims that tourism is currently the world’s largest industry with annual revenues of over …

a) $3 trillion dollars

b) $3 million dollars

c) $3 billion dollars

6. … include: rest and relaxation, culture, escape, adventure, new and different experiences.

a) The tangible elements

b) The intangible elements

c) Related services

 

Ex. 6. Insert the right words:

Industry, wealthy, hospitality, tax, force.

1. …people have always travelled to distant parts of the world.

2. Tourism is a dynamic, evolving, consumer-driven… .

3. As an …, tourism specializes in attracting and transporting tourists, accommodating them, and catering for their needs and wants.

4. Tourism is a leading producer for …revenues.

5. …services include accommodation, food and beverages, tours, souvenirs.

 

Ex. 7. Complete the sentences.

1. Consequently the development of tourism is often a strategy … . 2. A more comprehensive definition would be that tourism is … . 3. Many sovereignties, along with their respective countries and states, depend … . 4. Growing so rapidly, tourism presents… . 5. A tourist is someone who… . 6. Depending on our personal experience, we may view …

Ex. 8. Mark the statements that are true.

1. Tourism is a dynamic, evolving, consumer-driven force.

2. The bad news is lack of exciting career prospects for today’s hospitality and tourism graduates.

3. The intangible elements include transport systems – air, rail, road, water and now, space; hospitality services – accommodation, food and beverages, tours, souvenirs; and related services such as banking, insurance and safety & security.

4. The World Tourism Organization (WTO) claims that tourism is currently the world’s largest industry with annual revenues of over $6 trillion dollars.



5. Sometimes “tourism” and “travel” are used interchangeably.

6. The terms “tourism” and “tourist” were first used as official terms in 1987 by the World Tourism Organization.

 

Ex. 9. Answer the questions on the text.

 

1. What is tourism? 2. Who is a tourist? 3. What is a more comprehensive definition of tourism? 4. What are the tangible elements of tourism? 5. What are the intangible elements of tourism? 6. Sometimes “tourism” and “travel” are used interchangeably, aren’t they? 7. Why do some countries depend heavily upon tourism?

Ex. 10. Give a brief summary of the text.

 

 








Date: 2015-09-24; view: 76; Нарушение авторских прав

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