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Контрольные задания по дисциплине «Иностранный язык» для гр. ЮЗБ





Dear Students!

Для успешного усвоения дисциплины «Иностранный язык в сфере юриспруденции» необходимо набрать

100 баллов по модульно-рейтинговому контролю:

10 баллов- посещение лекционных занятий (ЛЗ), практических занятий (ПЗ),

10 баллов- активное участие в ПЗ,

20 баллов- самостоятельный перевод текстов( см. Ниже),

30 баллов- выполнение контрольной работы,

30 баллов - зачет.

 

Требования по выполнению контрольной работы( КР):

1.КР сдается на проверку за 10 дней до даты зачета в деканат.

2.задания КР размещены на сайте ВУЗа а так же находятся в фондах кафедры.(ауд. 33- учебный корпус, каб. №305- административный корпус),

3. Вариант КР определяется по четному/нечетному номеру по списку в журнале посещаемости группы.

4. КР выполняется рукописно и оформляется в тетради с делением разворота страниц :

левая часть- английский текст,

средняя часть- замечания преподавателя,

правая часть- перевод на русский язык параллельно английскому предложению.

 

Требования по подготовке к зачету:

1. К зачету допускаются студенты выполнившие КР,

2. Для сдачи зачета требуется выполнение двух заданий: 1.Чтение и перевод общественно-политического текста 1000-1200 знаков за 45 мин. (материал выдается на зачете преподавателем). 2. Беседа по теме, 5 мин. (О себе, о семье, о городе, о профессии, о ВУЗе, об основах древнего права и т.д). Консультации на кафедре каб. № 305, административный корпус по пятницам -12.00.

 

Контрольные задания по дисциплине «Иностранный язык» для гр. ЮЗБ

Контрольное задание № 1

Вариант 1

I. Прочтите текст и письменно ответьте на вопросы, следующие за ним.

Ancient systems of Law

1. One of the earliest systems of law of which we have knowledge is the collection of laws, known as
the Code of Hammurabi, the Babylonian king, who lived in about 1900 B.C., and whose stone figure we
can see in the British Museum in London. Another early code is the code of Hebrew Law1 contained in
the Book of Exodus2 in the Bible.

2. In Greece each city state had its own law, some laws were common to many states. In the seventh
century B.C.3 the Greeks began to put their laws into writing. About 594 B.C. Solon, the famous Athe­
nian law-giver, provided a new code of law. The Athenians did not consider it necessary to have legal
experts for non-criminal cases. In a civil case the verdict was given by a jury, which might number any-

thing from 201 to 2,500. The members of the jury listened to speeches made by the persons who had brought the case before them, and by their friends. Barristers did not participate in court proceedings, but professional speech-writers sometimes prepared speeches.

3. Roman law is one of the greatest systems that has ever existed. It was based upon custom, and by
A.D.4 528 the quantity of Roman Law had become so immense that the Emperor Justinian in Con-
stantinopole ordered to make a clear, systematic code of all the laws.

4. Roman law had a deep influence upon the law of the world. It had a strong influence on the law of
most European countries and some influence on Anglo-Saxon law, which is the other great law system of
the world. After many years Roman law reapeared in the eleventh century, when there was a great re­
vival of learning. Many European countries began to use Roman law in their courts. In France, however,
until Napoleon codified the law in 1804, each province had its own laws. The Napoleonic Code was a
splendid achievement, and it has influenced the law of many countries in Europe and South America.

Notes:

1 Hebrew Law - древнееврейское право

2 Book of Exodus - Исход (2-я книга Ветхого Завета)

3 B.C. before Christ - до нашей эры

4 A.D. anno Domini (лат.) - нашей эры

1. What do you know about the ancient systems of law?

2. What book contains one of the earliest systems of law?

3. When did the Greeks begin to put their laws into writing?

4. What is one of the greatest systems of law?

5. What system of law had a great influence on the law of the world?

II. Письменно переведите 2-й и 4 и абзацы текста.

III. По суффиксу определите и выберите: 1) существительные, 2) прилагательные, 3) глаголы, 4)
наречия.

Earliest, collection, early, law-giver, famous, legal, criminal, civil, writer, professional, systematic, Napoleonic, achievement, barrister, codify, participate.

IV. Определите видо-временную форму глагола в следующих предложениях. Предложения пере­
ведите на русский язык.

1. In the seventh century B.C. the Greeks began to put their laws into writing. 2. The laws of many European countries were developing on the basis of Roman law. 3. The Napoleon Code has influenced the laws of many countries in America. 4. In the first year you will study Roman law as it is the basis on the laws of most European countries. 5. The institute of jury still exists in many countries. By the elev­enth century many European countries had begun to use Roman law in their courts.

V. Переведите следующие предложения, обращая внимание на употребление глагола-сказуемого
в страдательном залоге.

1. The law on partnership was codified by the Parliament in 1972. 2. Customs are not created by societies consciously. 3. Many general customs have been adopted by the courts and have become laws. 4. Cus­toms are sometimes still recognized by the courts.

5. Roman law was used in the courts by many European countries.

6. Statutes are made by the Government, customs are created by the people.

VI. Заполните пропуски предлогами in. into, by, of. to.

1. The members ... the jury listened ... speeches and gave their verdict. 2. By A.D. 528 Roman law had become so immense that it was necessary to have a clear, systematic code ... all the laws. 3. Customs are not made ... governments. 4. Laws are traditionally divided ... two main categories. 5. Solicitors do not participate ... court proceedings.

VII. Определите, является ли глагол "to have" смысловым или вспомогательным. Предложения

переведите на русский язык.

1. Each country of the world has its own system of law. 2. In Greece each city had its own law. 3. The Atheans did not consider if necessary to have legal experts for non-criminal cases. 4. The members of the jury listened to the speeches made by the persons who had brought the case before them. 5. French public law has never been codified.

VIII. Определите функцию глагола "to be". Предложения переведите на русский язык.

1. The law is not enforced against young children. 2. Government-made laws are often patterned upon

informal rules of conduct. 3. The task of the jury is to bring in a verdict. 4. The jury is still discussing the

verdict. 5. The courts are interpreters of the law. 6. The general nature of the law is that it is enforced

equally against all members of the nation

 

 


.

Контрольное задание № 1

Вариант 2

I. Прочтите текст и письменно ответьте на вопросы, следующие за ним.

The Customs

Customs are social habits, patterns of behaviour, which all sociatiesevolve without express formulation or conscious creation. Custom is one of the principal sources of law; originally law was based upon it. Moreover, custom is not important only as a source of law, for even today some customary rules are still observed and they have almost the same power as rales of law. The only difference is that their ob­servance is not enforced by the organs of the State. Thus, many of the fundamental rules of the Constitu­tion are "conventional" (L e. customary) rather than legal, rales.

But in modern times most general customs (i. e. customs universally observed throughout the realm) either do not exist or have become absorbed in rules of law. For example many of the early rales of the common law were general customs which the courts adopted, and they have become laws.

On the other hand customs of particular groups of people living in particular localities, are sometimes still capable of creating a special "law" for the locality in question which is different from the general law of the land.

But such variants will only be recognized if certain conditions are satisfied. The following are among the more important of those conditions. The custom must (1) not be unreasonable, (2) the right must be claimed by or on behalf of a defined group of people, (3) must have existed since "time immemorial". This means that it must go back to 1189 (by historical accident the terminal date of "legal memory").

1. What is one of the principle sources of law?

2. Is custom important only as a source of law?

3. What is the difference between customary rales and rules of law?

4. Do customs still create new laws?

5. What conditions must such customs satisfy?

II. Письменно переведите 2-й абзац текста.

III. По суффиксу определите и выберите: 1) существительные. 2) прилагательные, 3) глаголы,
4) наречия:

interpreter, traditionally, expression, formally, judicial, enactment, continental, comparatively, pre­dominant, partnership, codification, codify, legislate, enactment.

IV. Определите видо-временные формы глаголов в следующих предложениях. Предложения пе­
реведите на русский язык.

1. Many English laws derive from judicial precedents. 2. In modern times most rules of law have re­flected general custom. 3. Continental or Roman law has developed in most of Continental Europe, Latin America and many countries in Asia and Africa. 4. Common law was developing gradually throughout the history. 5. Continental systems of law have resulted from the attempts of governments to produce a set of codes. 6. The lawmakers wanted to show that iegai rules of their citizens originated in the state, not in local customs.

V. Переведите следующие предложения, обращая внимание на употребление глагола-сказуемого
в страдательном залоге.

1. The laws are interpreted by the courts. 2. The lawmakers were influenced by the model of the canon law of the Roman Catholic Church. 3. Laws had been put into writing by Greeks by the 16th cen­tury B.C. 4. In a civil case a verdict was given by a jury. 5. Don't worry. Speeches are being prepared by professional speech-writers. 6. The law of the world has been influenced by Roman law..

VI. Заполните пропуски предлогами by, between, from, by, to, in, of.

1.There is no whole system ... codification which prevails ... many countries. 2. Judicial decisions are often reduced ... writing in the form of law reports. 3. Before 1066 law was administered ... series of lo­cal courts. 4. Common law systems differ ... Continental law. 5. In all societies relations ... people are regulated ... prescriptive laws.

VII. Определите, является ли глагол "to have"смысловым или вспомогательным. Предложения
переведите на русский язык.

1. Informal rules have very little to do with the laws created by governments. 2. English law has de­veloped through decisions in individual cases. 3. The system based on English Common law has been adopted by many Commonwealth countries and most of the United States. 4. When they were codifying their legal systems they looked to the examples of Revolutionary and Napoleonic France. 5. Versions of Roman law had long influenced many parts of Europe but had little impact on English law. 6. Many customs have existed since "time immemorial",

VIII. Определите функцию глагола "to be". Предложения переведите на русский язык.

1. Some laws are descriptive, others are prescriptive. 2. The ways in which people talk, eat and drink are guided by informal rules. 3. Uniform application of the law throughout the country was promoted by gradual development of the doctrine of precedents. 4. The rules of social institutons are observed by those who belong to them. 5. Throughout the history British courts were developing Common law. 6. Customs and court rulings are as important as status.

 








Date: 2015-12-13; view: 106; Нарушение авторских прав

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