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Ударение в многосложных словах (три слога и более)





7. Если многосложное слово образовано с помощью суффиксов: -ing -er/or -ness -ship -ful -less -ly ударение остается там, где оно было в исходном слове (см. Правила 2-6) To 'finish – 'finishing, to con'tain – con'tainer, to se'lect – se'lector, 'tender – 'tenderness, 'narrow –'narrowness, 'champion – 'championship, fruit – 'fruitful, care – 'careless, 'happy – 'happily  
8. Если многосложное слово содержит окончания: -ing -(e)s -(e)d -er -est ударение остается там, где оно было в исходном слове (см. Правила 2-6) 'Bandage – 'bandaging, de'cide – de'ciding, 'bandage – 'bandages, op'press – op'presses, 'pocket –'pocketed, de'cide – de'cided, 'easy – 'easier, 'early – 'earliest

 

1. Read the derived words according to the pattern

a) ■ □ ■ □ □

'silence – silencer 'worship – worshiper

'narrow – narrower 'village – villager

'cottage – cottager 'labour – labourer


b) □ ■ □ ■ □

pro'duce – producer re'sist – resistor

ex'plore – explorer ad'mire – admirer

ad'vise – adviser trans'late – translator

c) ■ □ □

bitterness idleness laziness membership

happiness gentleness eagerness [g] authorship

thankfulness yellowness suddenness leadership

hopefulness willingness hopelessness ownership

powerful fanciful powerless bottomless

sorrowful merciful meaningless limitless

meaningful merciless numberless fruitfully

bitterly happily hopefully rapidly

legally hopelessly normally gracefully

noiselessly harmfully recklessly jokingly

d)□ ■ □ □

exceedingly successfully amusingly

distastefully respectfully accordingly

 


2. Put aside suffixes and endings. Find the stressed syllable and read the stem according to the rules for one-syllable and two-syllable words. Read the whole word.

Model: recalling

Answer: re’calling = re- (приставка) + call (корень, один слог, он и является ударным) + -ing (суффикс)

Opening, orbiting, masterfully, pocketful, employer, greediness, sleeplessness, urgently, tactlessly, shallowness, container, emptiness, reflector, forgetfulness, adviser, hungrily, angrily, fellowship, correctness, providing, divided, attracted, instructed.

 

3. Letters and Sounds (revision).Find a way from Start to Finish. You may pass a square only if the word in it has the sound [i:]. You can move horizontally or vertically only.

START

Ü

leave earth health reach teach meat
dream dead cream jeans steak cheat
east bread tea death heat peak
beach break peace search leaf meant
seat please team early beat bean
head bear wear dreamt sweat clean

Ü

FINISH

 

UNIT 4

Ударение и особенности чтения ударных гласных в многосложных словах

9. В многосложных словах без суффиксов и окончаний, перечисленных в правилах 7-8, обычно ударение падает на третий слог с конца 'Origin, 'flattery, 'festival, 'institute, 'victory, ex'periment, A'merica, mo'nopoly, docu'mentary, oppor'tunity, uni'versity, lia'bility, responsi'bility, relia'bility
10. Ударная гласная во всех типах слогов, кроме третьего, читается по второму типу: Тип чтения I → Тип чтения II, Ср., bite [aı], BUT ability [ı] Тип чтения II = Тип чтения II Ср., fact [æ], factory [æ] Тип чтения III = Тип чтения III Ср., car [a:], carnival [a:] Тип чтения IV → Тип чтения II Ср., tyre [aıə], BUT tyranny [ı] Family, minister, monument, deputy, Faraday, origin, omnibus, mercury, pharmacy, formula, circular    
Исключение: Ударная буква U в таких словах сохраняет свои четыре типа чтения mutiny [ju:] Type I summary [L] Type II turbulent [ɜ:] Type III purety [uə] Type IV Mutiny, summary, turbulent, purity

 

1. Read according to the pattern: ■ □ □

a) similar popular regular vinegar

federal medical general literal

radical veteran minimum mineral

spherical visible minister colony

 

b) industry family factory robbery

victory fishery contrary currency

quantity battery density singular

quality optical tactical officer

Africa parallel cylinder technical

 

c) cardinal circular ornament Canada

article formula fortitude Portugal

harmony permanent ordinal Buffalo

barbarous terminal portable Caucasus

particle vertical corporal Germany

marginal circumstance organist Everest

d) musical humorous usable durable

suitable mutiny fusible purity

rudiment unity tunable curious

 

2. Read according to the pattern: □ ■ □ □

a) electrical elliptical intelligent conservative

dependable respectable intelligence retractable

impossible imprisonment establishment artillery

 

b) political phenomenon historical original

monotony comparative infinitive symmetrical

significant ridiculous necessity astonishment

morality authority utility activity

community security impurity curriculum

 

3. Read according to the pattern: □ □ ■ □ □

flexibility documentary satisfactory visibility

opportunity possibility hospitality popularity

elementary regularity personality lexicology

university contradictory productivity unilateral

chronological probability economical relativity

 


4. Read and compare

a) famous – family vane – vanity meter – metrical

late – lateral mine – minimum type – typical

ride – ridicule veto – veteran sphere – spherical

crime – criminal derive – derivative pose – positive

 

b) industry – industrial origin – original

history – historian barbarous – barbarian

ridicule – ridiculous family – familiar

victory – victorious technical – technician

 

5. Put the stress and read the words

Cylinder, chemical, equivalent, gravity, prominent, negative, positive, ministry, simplicity, opposite, original, physical, circumstance, comparison, density, property, astronomy, velocity, stability, several, automation, remedy, seminar, symmetry, character, president, impossibility, reliability, musical, rudimentary, difficult, tropical, cabinet.

 

6. Find the odd word, according to the stress pattern

1) obstinately velocity comparison prosperity

2) revision harmony beginning develop

3) gravity successful tropical possible

4) elegant confident poisonous refining

5) document providing approach decision

 

7. Letters and Sounds (revision).Find a way from Start to Finish. You may pass a square only if the word in it has the sound [Ɵ]. You can move horizontally or vertically only.

START

Ü

north northern either weather breathe those
south bath bathe thought breath youth
southern third their through though thumb
Thailand cloth path fifth with worth
month clothes these brother that teeth
throw thing author other they wealth

Ü

FINISH

 


UNIT 5

 

Особые случаи расстановки ударения в многосложных существительных, прилагательных и глаголах

11. В многосложных прилагательных с суффиксами: -al/-ical -ant/-ent -ous -ive обычно ударение падает на третий слог с конца ■ □ □ □ ■ □ □ □ □ ■ □ □ 'Vertical, 'competent, 'relevant, 'frivolous, al'ternative, de'monstrative, a'nalogous.  
12. Однако, если в многосложных прилагательных с суффиксами -al/-ical -ant/-ent -ous -ive перед суффиксами скапливаются две или более согласных, то ударение падает на второй слог с конца: □ ■ □ например, im'poRTant Im'portant, per'sistent, e'normous, de'structive
13. В многосложных прилагательных и существительных с суффиксами -able/-ible -ary/-ory обычно ударение падает на третий слог с конца □ ■ □ □,e.g. 'portable □ □ ■ □ □,e.g. docu'mentary но иногдаударение падает на четвертый слог с конца ■ □ □ □, e.g. la'boratory Portable, satis'factory, docu'mentary   But: con'siderable, 'literary, la'boratory, ob'ligatory
14. В многосложных прилагательных с суффиксом -ic(полная форма этого суффикса -ical, т.е. два слога), ударение падает на второй слог с конца □ ■ □, e.g. sym'bolic □ □ ■ □,e.g. eco'nomic Sla'vonic, scien'tific, ˌeco'nomic, ˌepi'demic, ˌdiplo'matic.   Compare: 'chemical – sym'bolic, me'chanical - fa'natic
15. В многосложных глаголах с суффиксами -ate -ise/-ize -y обычно ударение падает на третий слог с конца ■ □ □, e.g. 'organise 'Compensate, 'ventilate, 'organise, 'advertise, 'occupy, 'simplify, 'сompensating, 'ventilator, 'advertising (but: ad'vertisement), 'occupying, 'simplifying
Безударные гласные в данных суффиксах глаголов читаются как в ударном открытом слоге (I тип чтения) [eıt] [aız] [aı] Separate ['separıt] – to separate ['separeıt], estimate – to estimate, delegate – to delegate
ПОМНИТЕ: Если вы добавите к таким глаголам суффикс -er/-or или окончание -ing, ударение не изменится например, 'organise – 'organiser, 'compensate - 'compensating
16. В многосложных глаголах с двумя односложными приставками или с двусложными приставками: over- inter-(intro-) contra-(counter-) super- retro- circum- under- ударение падает на последний слог □ □ ■,e.g.under'take Inter'act, over'come, under'take, super'add, discon'nect
17. В многосложных глаголах без суффиксов и приставок, перечисленных в правилах 15-16, ударение падает на второй слог с конца   □ ■ □ De'velop, con'sider, i'magine, de'termine, re'member.

 

1. Read the adjectives according to the pattern:

a) ■ □ □

evident elegant competent consequent

confident different eminent prominent

talkative tentative primitive negative

practical minimal criminal vertical

poisonous vigorous frivolous critical

b) □ ■ □ □

repetitive competitive anonymous analogous

accusative demonstrative alternative affirmative

electrical grammatical syntactical mechanical

c) □ □ ■ □ □

interrogative chronological analytical agricultural

alphabetical arithmetical economical astronomical


d) □ ■ □

important dependent intensive expensive

inactive impulsive impressive aggressive

offensive compressive enormous amorphous

 

2. Read the adjectives with suffixes -able and -ary according to the pattern:

a) ■ □ □

visible sensible flexible possible

usable suitable stretchable washable

durable curable portable

b) □ □ ■ □ □

elementary rudimentary documentary

introductory complimentary satisfactory

c) ■ □ □ □

military literary secretary sanitary

customary temporary vulnerable preferable

 

3. Read the verbs according to the pattern ■ □ □. Mind the pronunciation of the suffixes [eit], [aiz] and [ai].

a) allocate animate advocate actuate

navigate aspirate operate infiltrate

aggravate fabricate activate formulate

 

b) advertise summarise analyse utilise

improvise galvanise colonise organize

fertilize atomise carbonise mechanise

 

c) fortify justify mystify simplify

amplify terrify magnify multiply

nullify occupy purify dignify

 

4. Put the verbs from the exercise 3 into the –ing form and read them.

 

5. Form nouns from the verbs from exercise 3 using the suffix ‑er/‑or and read them.

 

6. Read the verbs according to the pattern

a)□ □ ■

interlock overlap understand interrupt

interfere intercept supersede undermine

represent disappear recommend disappoint

correspond disconnect overcome disapprove

b)□ ■ □

develop determine consider deposit

afforest remember establish continue

abandon imagine imprison inhabit

astonish diminish prohibit embarrass

 

7. Put the stress and read the adjectives. Consult the dictionary if necessary.

Fragmentary, remarkable, irreparable, responsible, retractable, understandable, preliminary, compulsory, transportable, convertible, readable, avoidable, available, explainable, applicable, navigable, considerable

8. Find the odd word, according to the stress pattern.

1) perceptible economic approximate particular

2) imitable enormous persistent dependant

3) successive negative primitive talkative

4) average poisonous atomic eminent

5) prominent important elegant confident

6) optimistic comparable respectable detachable

7) universal acrobatic automatic analogous

8) ventilate understand summarize purify

9) interrupt overlook correspond circulate

10) establish continue colonise embarrass

11) assemble deliver develop interfere

 


9. Letters and Sounds (revision).Find a way from Start to Finish. You may pass a square only if the word in it has the sound [au]. You can move horizontally or vertically only.

START

Ü

house sound group about mouth cow
soup out brown mouse bought south
could couple grow low would cloud
know snow touch ought down count
thought should slow blow pound young
soul country though throw town round

Ü

FINISH

10. Write the words from the box in the correct column according to their stress patterns.

 

economics economy physics chemistry

mathematics sociology history geology

photography nation nationality geometry

 

 

■ □ ■ □ □ □ ■ □ □ □ □ ■ □ □ □ □ ■ □
         

² 11. Fill the gaps with a word from the box which has the stress pattern given. There is one extra word. Then listen and check[EB2] .

 

biology mathematics history geography

Sociology chemistry physics

 

My favourite subjects at school were sciences, especially ■ □ □_____ and □ ■ □ □____. I’ve always been good with numbers, so I was good at □ □ ■ □_______. I didn’t really like the social science subjects like □ □ ■ □ □_______, and ■ □ □_____, that’s strange because when I went to university I did □ ■ □ □____.

 

² 12. There are ‘families’ of words with moving stress patterns. Listen and repeat.

'photograph pho'tography photo'graphic

e'conomy eco'nomics eco'nomical

'national natio'nality 'nationalise nationali'sation

'civil ci'vility 'civilise civili'sation

 


² 13. Write in the word which is missing from the family. Then listen, check and repeat.

 

Model: society, sociology (□ □ ■ □ □), sociological

1) civil, civilise, __________ (□ □ □ ■ □)

2) _________ (□ ■ □ □), biologist, biological

3) personal, _________ (□ □ ■ □ □), personalise

4) legal, legalise, _____________ (□ □ □ ■ □)

5) _______ (■ □), authority, authorise

 

UNIT 6








Date: 2015-06-05; view: 312; Нарушение авторских прав

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